Chromosome evolution in marginal populations of Aegilops speltoides: Causes and consequences

Alexander Belyayev, Olga Raskina

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


BackgroundGenome restructuring is an ongoing process in natural plant populations. The influence of environmental changes on the genome is crucial, especially during periods of extreme climatic fluctuations. Interactions between the environment and the organism manifest to the greatest extent at the limits of the species' ecological niche. Thus, marginal populations are expected to exhibit lower genetic diversity and higher genetic differentiation than central populations, and some models assume that marginal populations play an important role in the maintenance and generation of biological diversity.ScopeIn this review, long-term data on the cytogenetic characteristics of diploid Aegilops speltoides Tauch populations are summarized and discussed. This species is distributed in and around the Fertile Crescent and is proposed to be the wild progenitor of a number of diploid and polyploid wheat species. In marginal populations of Ae. speltoides, numerical chromosomal aberrations, spontaneous aneuploidy, B-chromosomes, rDNA cluster repatterning and reduction in the species-specific and tribe-specific tandem repeats have been detected. Significant changes were observed and occurred in parallel with changes in plant morphology and physiology.ConclusionsConsiderable genomic variation at the chromosomal level was found in the marginal populations of Ae. speltoides. It is likely that a specific combination of gene mutations and chromosomal repatterning has produced the evolutionary trend in each specific case, i.e. for a particular species or group of related species in a given period of time and in a certain habitat. The appearance of a new chromosomal pattern is considered an important factor in promoting the emergence of interbreeding barriers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)531-538
Number of pages8
JournalAnnals of Botany
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 2013

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The author is most grateful to Olga Raskina and anonymous reviewers for helpful comments. This work was supported by the Israel Science Foundation under grant number 723/07.


  • Aegilops speltoides
  • chromosomes
  • evolution
  • marginal populations
  • speciation
  • wheat

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Plant Science


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