Childhood antecedents and maintaining factors in maladaptive daydreaming

Eli Somer, Liora Somer, Daniela S. Jopp

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This study explored the fantasy activity of 16 individuals who were seeking online peer-support and advice for maladaptive daydreaming (MD). MD is an under-researched mental activity described as persistent vivid fantasy activity that replaces human interaction and/or interferes with important areas of functioning. We employed a grounded theory methodology that yielded seven common themes presented as a sequential descriptive narrative about the nature, precursors, and consequences of MD. The presented "storyline" included the following themes: (1) daydreaming as an innate talent for vivid fantasy; (2) daydreaming and social isolation-a two-way street; (3) the role of trauma in the development of MD; (4) the rewards of daydreaming; (5) the insatiable yearning for daydreaming; (6) shame and concealment; (7) unsuccessful treatment attempts. A main conclusion of our study is that there is an urgent need for early identification of MD and its correct diagnoses in adulthood.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)471-478
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Nervous and Mental Disease
Issue number6
StatePublished - 2016

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
Copyright © 2016 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.


  • Absorption
  • Fantasizing
  • Maladaptive daydreaming
  • Mind wandering

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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