Though there has been a recent surge of interest in the relations between facets of mindfulness and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), there has been a dearth of empirical studies investigating the impact of changes in facets of mindfulness on PTSD treatment outcomes. The present study tested the prospective associations between pre- to post-treatment changes in facets of mindfulness and PTSD and depression severity at treatment discharge, among 48 military Veterans in residential PTSD treatment adhering to a cognitive-behavioral framework. Together, changes in facets of mindfulness significantly explained post-treatment PTSD and depression severity (19-24% of variance). Changes in acting with awareness explained unique variance in post-treatment PTSD severity and changes in nonjudgmental acceptance explained unique variance in post-treatment depression severity. These results remained significant after adjusting for shared variance with length of treatment stay.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Dr. Bernstein recognizes the funding support from the Israeli Council for Higher Education Yigal Alon Fellowship, the European Union FP-7 Marie Curie Fellowship International Reintegration Grant, Psychology Beyond Borders Mission Award, the Rothschild-Caesarea Foundation's Returning Scientists Project at the University of Haifa, and a NIH Clinical LRP. This work was also supported by a Veterans Affairs Clinical Science Research and Development (CSR&D) Career Development Award-2, and California HIV/AIDS Research Program IDEA Award ( 163836 ), Granted to Dr. Bonn-Miller. The expressed views do not necessarily represent those of the Department of Veterans Affairs.
- Posttraumatic Stress Disorder
- Treatment outcome
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Psychiatry and Mental health
- Biological Psychiatry