Burnout Among Oncologists and Oncology Nurses: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Neta HaGani, Dana Yagil, Miri Cohen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Significant proportions of burnout have been reported among both oncologists and oncology nurses. However, these groups have not been compared in a meta-analytic design. It is important to compare how burnout affects different types of health professionals to understand its individual implications and devise ways of minimizing and treating it. Objective: The current meta-analysis study aimed to systematically compare burnout prevalence between oncologists and oncology nurses. Method: Authors assessed 34 studies (four included nurses and oncologists and 30 focused either on oncologists or oncology nurses) that used the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) to measure burnout. Both fixed and randomeffects models were used to calculate meta-analytic estimates of the burnout subscales: emotional exhaustion (EE), depersonalization (DP), and personal accomplishment (PA). Results: The pooled sample size was 4,705 oncologists and 6,940 oncology nurses. The average proportions of EE, DP, and PA were 32%, 26%, and 25%, respectively, among oncologists and 32%, 21%, and 26%, respectively, among oncology nurses. Higher DP was found among oncologists compared with oncology nurses, only in the analysis of studies that included samples of both oncologists and oncology nurses. The subgroup analysis showed higher levels of DP in Europe and Asia and lower PA in Asia and Canada. No evidence of publication bias was found. Conclusions: Findings suggest differences in burnout between oncologists and oncology nurses and among geographic regions. This highlights the need for tailored interventions for different professions and regions. Hospitals should provide support and encourage teamwork to improve oncology professionals’ well-being and provide optimal care for patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)53-64
Number of pages12
JournalHealth Psychology
Volume41
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2022

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 American Psychological Association

Keywords

  • Burnout
  • Maslach burnout inventory
  • Meta-analysis
  • Oncologists
  • Oncology nurses

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Applied Psychology

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