Objectives: Young people's experience of boredom and its psychological health sequelae have been exacerbated by the COVID-19 pandemic. The present study examined the moderating role of boredom beliefs—the extent to which one affectively dislikes boredom (boredom dislike) and cognitively accepts it (boredom normalcy)—on the association between boredom experience and mental well-being. We also validated a new measure of boredom beliefs in two different samples of young people. Method: We report data from a correlational study with British young people aged 12–25 (Study 1; N = 2495) and a 16-week eight-wave within-subject study with Israeli adolescents aged 12–18 (Study 2; N = 314). Results: Across both studies, disliking boredom was associated with higher frequency and intensity of boredom. Boredom dislike moderated the negative association between boredom and mental well-being, such that the association was more salient among those who strongly disliked boredom. Normalizing boredom was positively associated with mental well-being. The measure of boredom beliefs demonstrated fair validity and reliability. Conclusion: Results provide novel insights into the potential buffering effect of boredom beliefs against the mental health impact of boredom, particularly at a time of reduced activity. These findings generalize across two different countries.
|Number of pages||15|
|Journal||Journal of Personality|
|Early online date||4 Aug 2022|
|State||Published - Jun 2023|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The authors thank Laura Riddleston and Taryn Hutchinson for their assistance in data collection. This study was supported by the Emergency funds for Covid‐19 from the Rosetrees Trust (M949) and the University of Haifa start‐up grant.
© 2022 The Authors. Journal of Personality published by Wiley Periodicals LLC.
- emotion beliefs
- mental well-being
- young adults
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Social Psychology