Aquatic invertebrates are a major source of biomaterials and bioactive natural products that can find applications as pharmaceutics, nutraceutics, cosmetics, antibiotics, antifouling products and biomaterials. Symbiotic microorganisms are often the real producers of many secondary metabolites initially isolated from marine invertebrates; however, a certain number of them are actually synthesized by the macro-organisms. In this review, we analysed the literature of the years 2010–2019 on natural products (bioactive molecules and biomaterials) from the main phyla of marine invertebrates explored so far, including sponges, cnidarians, molluscs, echinoderms and ascidians, and present relevant examples of natural products of interest to public and private stakeholders. We also describe omics tools that have been more relevant in identifying and understanding mechanisms and processes underlying the biosynthesis of secondary metabolites in marine invertebrates. Since there is increasing attention on finding new solutions for a sustainable large-scale supply of bioactive compounds, we propose that a possible improvement in the biodiscovery pipeline might also come from the study and utilization of aquatic invertebrate stem cells.
|State||Published - 22 Mar 2022|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Funding: This study was supported by the European Cooperation in Science and Technology, COST Action 16203 MARISTEM (Stem Cells of Marine/Aquatic Invertebrates: From Basic Research to Innovative Applications).
© 2022 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.
- Aquatic Organisms/metabolism
- Biocompatible Materials/metabolism
- Biological Products/metabolism
- Marine Biology