Bioactive chemicals and biological - biochemical activities and their functions in rhizospheres of wetland plants

Amir Neori, K. Ramesh Reddy, Hana Číšková-Končalová, Moshe Agami

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Wetland soils provide anoxia-tolerant plants with access to ample light, water, and nutrients. Intense competition, involving chemical strategies, ensues among the plants. The roots of wetland plants are prime targets for root-eating pests, and the wetland rhizosphere is an ideal environment for many other organisms and communities because it provides water, oxygen, organic food, and physical protection. Consequently, the rhizosphere of wetland plants is densely populated by many specialized organisms, which considerably influence its biogeochemical functioning. The roots protect themselves against pests and control their rhizosphere organisms by bioactive chemicals, which often also have medicinal properties. Anaerobic metabolites, alkaloids, phenolics, terpenoids, and steroids are bioactive chemicals abundant in roots and rhizospheres in wetlands. Bioactivities include allelopathy, growth regulation, extraorganismal enzymatic activities, metal manipulation by phytosiderophores and phytochelatines, various pest-control effects, and poisoning. Complex biological-biochemical interactions among roots, rhizosphere organisms, and the rhizosphere solution determine the overall biogeochemical processes in the wetland rhizosphere and in the vegetated wetlands. To comprehend how wetlands really function, it is necessary to understand these interactions. Such understanding requires further research.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)350-378
Number of pages29
JournalThe Botanical Review
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2000
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Plant Science


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