Bidirectional associations between hope, optimism and social support, and trauma-related symptoms among survivors of terrorism and their spouses

Michael Weinberg, Avi Besser, Virgil Zeigler-Hill, Yuval Neria

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The study examined bidirectional relationships between three key resources of resilience: hope, optimism, and social support, and a range of trauma-related symptoms (posttraumatic stress disorder, depression, and anxiety) among injured survivors of terror attacks and their spouses (N = 210). A series of actor-partner interdependence models were used to test the bidirectional dyadic associations. The results demonstrate negative associations between resilience resources of the survivors and their spouses and their trauma-related symptoms. Further, the levels of hope and social support reported by the survivors were negatively associated with the trauma-related symptoms experienced by their spouses, whereas the level of optimism reported by the spouses was negatively associated with the trauma-related symptoms experienced by the survivors. Theoretical and clinical implications are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)29-38
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Research in Personality
Volume62
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jun 2016

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016 Elsevier Inc.

Keywords

  • Actor-partner interdependence model
  • Anxiety
  • Depression
  • Hope
  • Optimism
  • PTSD
  • Social support
  • Spouse
  • Survivor
  • Trauma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • General Psychology

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