The existing literature on the Second Aliyah commonly focuses either on the human agents (‘the workers’), their activity (‘agricultural labor’) or the object on which labor is being performed (‘the Land of Israel’). The article adds to the existing works by charting the conceptual space of farming hand tools by which the workers sought to labor the land. A close reading of the Second Aliya workers’ writings reveals their view of these tools as an important factor–both as passive as well as transformative instruments–in accomplishing the major objectives guiding their labor ideology.
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
© 2021 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.
- A. D. Gordon
- Labor Zionism
- Second Aliyah
- Yitzhak Wilkanski (Elazari-Volcani)
- agricultural labor
- the ‘Jewish plow’
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cultural Studies
- Sociology and Political Science