Better later: Evening practice is advantageous for motor skill consolidation in the elderly

Maria Korman, Carmit Gal, Ella Gabitov, Avi Karni

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


How does the time of day of a practice session affect learning of a new motor sequence in the elderly? Participants practiced a given finger tapping sequence either during morning or evening hours. All participants robustly improved performance speed within the session concurrent with a reorganization of the tapping pattern of the sequence. However, evening-trained participants showed additional gains overnight and at 1 wk posttraining; moreover, evening training led to a further reorganization of the tapping pattern offline. A learning experience preceding nocturnal sleep can lead to a task-specific movement routine as an expression of novel “how to” knowledge in the elderly.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)72-75
Number of pages4
JournalLearning and Memory
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2021

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The E.J. Safra Brain Research Center for the Study of Learning Disabilities at the University of Haifa is gratefully acknowledged for partially funding this project.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 Korman et al.; Published by Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
  • Cognitive Neuroscience
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience


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