The Bedouin settlements in Israel are divided into two major groups: spontaneous settlements and planned settlements. The last group is further divided into formally planned and legalized spontaneous settlements. This last type of settlement is of special interest because spontaneous settlements have acquired legal status as a result of political pressure from the Bedouin. Bedouin resistance to the planned settlement policy of the government was very successful in the Galilee, where a total of 11 spontaneous settlements were legalized. Altogether, there are now four totally planned Bedouin settlements in the Negev and six in the Galilee, and 11 spontaneous settlements which were legalized in recent years. Two-thirds of the Bedouin population of Israel currently reside in legal recognized settlements.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Sociology and Political Science