Recent technological developments have increased the number of variables being monitored in lakes and reservoirs using automatic high frequency monitoring (AHFM). However, design of AHFM systems and posterior data handling and interpretation are currently being developed on a site-by-site and issue-by-issue basis with minimal standardization of protocols or knowledge sharing. As a result, many deployments become short-lived or underutilized, and many new scientific developments that are potentially useful for water management and environmental legislation remain underexplored. This Critical Review bridges scientific uses of AHFM with their applications by providing an overview of the current AHFM capabilities, together with examples of successful applications. We review the use of AHFM for maximizing the provision of ecosystem services supplied by lakes and reservoirs (consumptive and non consumptive uses, food production, and recreation), and for reporting lake status in the EU Water Framework Directive. We also highlight critical issues to enhance the application of AHFM, and suggest the establishment of appropriate networks to facilitate knowledge sharing and technological transfer between potential users. Finally, we give advice on how modern sensor technology can successfully be applied on a larger scale to the management of lakes and reservoirs and maximize the ecosystem services they provide.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This article is based upon work from the NETLAKE COST Action ES1201 supported by COST (European Cooperation in Science and Technology). K.S. and J.P. were partly supported by projects LD14045 from Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports of the Czech Republic and RVO 67985939 from the Institute of Botany CAS. The German Science Foundation (DFG) supported HPG with two research grants GR1540/21-1, Aquameth and GR1540/23-1, Microprime. PS participation was supported by DANIDA fellowship no 1408-AU.
© 2016 American Chemical Society.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Chemistry (all)
- Environmental Chemistry