Attitudes Toward the Use of Medical Cannabis and the Perceived Efficacy, Side-effects and Risks: A Survey of Patients, Nurses and Physicians

Neta HaGani, Sharon Sznitman, Michael Dor, Gil Bar-Sela, Dana Oren, Lilia Margolis-Dorfman, Itay Goor-Aryeh, Manfred S. Green

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Gaps between physician and patient perceptions may lead to misunderstandings and mismanage of treatment. There are sparse data about the differences in opinions toward medical cannabis (MC) between patients and health professionals. The aim of this study was to examine the attitudes toward MC, its perceived efficacy, side effects and risk of dependency, among patients, nurses and physicians. A cross-sectional study of samples of 430 patients, 65 nurses and 65 physicians in two large medical centers in Israel. Questionnaires were administered on attitudes, perceived efficacy, side-effects and perceived risks of dependency. Compared with nurses and physicians, patients who were using MC had the most positive attitudes toward MC (p <.001). Younger age, high school education, being Jewish and ever using MC, were associated with more positive attitudes toward MC among patients (p <.001). Among nurses and physicians, having an oncology specialty predicted more positive attitudes toward MC. Physicians had a less positive attitude toward MC compared to nurses (p <.01). Our study provides evidence that physicians are less positive in their views toward MC compared to nurses and patients. More information and awareness to MC may reduce the gap in perceptions between physicians and patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)393-402
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Psychoactive Drugs
Volume54
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 2022

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.

Keywords

  • Medical cannabis
  • health expectations
  • health services
  • patients’ experience
  • physician-patient communication

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Psychology
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)

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