Attitudes, opinions, behaviors, and emotions of the nursing staff toward patient restraint

Marc Gelkopf, Ziva Roffe, Pnina Behrbalk, Yuval Melamed, Nomi Werbloff, Avraham Bleich

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Physical restraints are used as a psychiatric intervention to protect psychiatric inpatients from self-harm or harm to others, by securing a safe environment for the patients and staff. We examined nurses' attitudes, environmental concerns, and emotional responses to physical restraint of psychiatric inpatients, using a questionnaire we constructed expressly for this study. Nurses reported that the main criteria for restraint were endangerment of the patient's self or surroundings. Bothersome actions and environmental conditions also significantly impacted nurses' decisions to physically restrain patients. Emotional reactions to restraining procedures as experienced by staff and as perceived for patients were generally negative. Nurses should be trained to deal with violent patients, establish limits, and recognize the therapeutic aspect of restraints in order to respond assertively.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)758-763
Number of pages6
JournalIssues in Mental Health Nursing
Issue number12
StatePublished - 2009

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatric Mental Health


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