Attachment security, personality, and adjustment of elementary school children

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Children's development is assumed to be closely related to their attachment security and their personality. The authors aim was to examine the joint contribution of attachment security and personality traits to children's adjustment by examining diverse children's outcomes (emotional symptoms, social functioning, and behavioral problems) and using various perspectives (children, parents, and teachers). The sample comprised 247 8-12-year-old children from low socioeconomic status neighborhoods. Personality and attachment contribute to the different domains of adjustment. In cases of moderation, attachment security moderates the implications of personality traits on children's adjustment. The findings highlight the contribution of positive personality tendencies in playing down the difficulties of insecurely attached children.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)473-493
Number of pages21
JournalJournal of Genetic Psychology
Issue number5
StatePublished - 1 Sep 2013


  • attachment security
  • middle childhood
  • personality traits
  • psychological adjustment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Life-span and Life-course Studies


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