Attachment insecurities and body image self-consciousness among women: The mediating role of pornography use

Ateret Gewirtz-Meydan, Kimberly J. Mitchell, Zohar Spivak-Lavi, Shane W. Kraus

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The present study examined the mediating role of pornography use between attachment insecurities and body image self-consciousness in a large sample of women. We hypothesized that pornography use would mediate the relationship between insecure attachment orientations and body image self-consciousness. We recruited a convenient sample of 1001 Israeli women who completed measures assessing attachment orientation, body self-consciousness, and pornography use frequency. We employed structural equation modeling with maximum likelihood estimation method to examine the direct pathways between attachment and body image self-consciousness, as well as the indirect, or mediational, pathways through pornography use. Results found a direct effect of anxious and avoidant attachment on body image self-consciousness in women regardless of their relationship status. However, we only found a mediating role of pornography use between anxious attachment and body-image self-consciousness in women currently in a romantic relationship. In conclusion, our results suggest women may be more susceptible to the influence of pornography use on their body image self-consciousness when they are anxiously attached to a romantic partner. Implications for clinical practice and future directions are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Article number106916
JournalComputers in Human Behavior
StatePublished - Nov 2021

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This project was supported by the Max Stern Yezreel Valley College at Emek Yezreel -EMEK YVC 2020-14 .

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021


  • Attachment
  • Body self-consciousness
  • Pornography
  • Women

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Human-Computer Interaction
  • Psychology (all)


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