Associations between socioeconomic and family determinants and weight-control behaviours among adolescents

Aviad Tur-Sinai, Tanya Kolobov, Riki Tesler, Orna Baron-Epel, Keren Dvir, Yossi Harel-Fisch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objectives: Family factors may play a role in adolescents’ weight-control behaviours (WCB), and economic determinants strongly affect adolescents’ health in terms of unhealthy weight-control behaviours (UWCB). This study examines the nexus of socioeconomic status, perceived family wealth, and number of employed parents and Israeli adolescents’ WCB and asks whether family-related variables mediate WCB. Methods: Data from the 2014 Israeli Health Behaviour in School-Aged Children study are analysed using structural equation modelling. Results: High family affluence and high perceived family wealth are negatively associated with UWCB. Having two employed parents related to lower levels of UWCB. Family-related variables such as family communication and support and parental monitoring mitigate UWCB. Family meals have a significantly positive effect on healthy weight-control behaviour (HWCB) and a significantly negative impact on unhealthy weight-control activities. Conclusions: The findings suggest that economic factors such as socioeconomic status and number of employed parents should be taken into account in long-term weight-control practice. The combination of WCB and family meals is the most effective method for adolescents’ healthy weight-control behaviour.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1689-1698
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Public Health
Issue number9
StatePublished - Dec 2020

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The study was supported in part by the Israel Ministry of Health (#3–9440) and the Israel Ministry of Education and in other part by a grant from the Israel Ministry of Science, Technology and Space (MOST) (#3–13634). Acknowledgements

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020, Swiss School of Public Health (SSPH+).


  • Adolescents
  • Family communication
  • Family meal
  • Socioeconomic status
  • Weight control

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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