Background: This manuscript assesses the use of the Child Attachment Interview (CAI) in a sample of Israeli Jewish children in middle childhood in order to add to empirical data on this measure. Method: Forty-one children between the ages of 7 and 13 were consecutively recruited to the study. The clinical sample included 29 children diagnosed with anxiety disorder, major depression or ADHD. The Father Focused Referral (FFR) sample included 12 children whose father was unavailable to them. Participants were administered the CAI and coded by certified personnel. Results: 81.4% concordance was found between maternal and paternal secure-insecure attachment classifications in the clinical sample; 100% of the children in the FFR group were classified as insecurely attached to their fathers suggesting convergent validity for the classification of father attachment; 45.4% of the children in the FFR sample were also classified as insecurely attached to their mothers, pointing to the difference that can be found between the two parental attachment classifications in relevant cases, and therefore to sufficient discriminant validity between the two classifications. Conclusions: The clinical sample concordance rate, which was lower than in previous studies, indicates that parental concordance rates should be further investigated using different samples and countries. The study’s findings regarding the difference that can be found between parental attachment classifications show the instrument’s relevance in cases which the parental representations may differ. In these cases, using an instrument that does not examine the attachment toward both parents might not suffice. Study limitations and further implications are discussed.
|Number of pages
|Israel Journal of Psychiatry and Related Sciences
|Published - 2016
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ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health