Assessing Functional Cognition and Health During COVID-19 Pandemic: Gender Differences Among Community-Dwelling Adults

Naomi Josman, Yael Atiya, Tal Dagan, Elizabeth Issa, Naor Demeter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Introduction/Objectives: The COVID-19 pandemic has long-term implications for adult health and function, whether or not people were infected with the disease. Although cognitive disruptions are among the major symptoms of COVID-19, most research focused on managing medical symptoms, such as respiratory symptoms or pain. Thus, less is known about the pandemic’s long-term implications for assessing functional cognition. This study aimed to examine COVID-19’s effects on community-dwelling adults’ functional cognition and health, comparing gender differences. Methods: This cross-sectional study divided 118 community-dwelling adults (25 previously infected with COVID-19) into gender groups. Primary outcome measures included the Daily Living Questionnaire (DLQ) and short form health status survey, SF-12. Results: No significant differences were found in functional cognition or health between participants who had contracted COVID-19 and those who remained healthy, but men had better functional cognition and health measures in comparison with women. Conclusions: Gender differences in functional cognition and health state may relate to gender-based family roles. It is essential to assess functional cognition of young adults who were exposed to a pandemic, such as COVID-19, because it may significantly affect their health and functional status. The DLQ is a reliable, valid assessment of functional cognition that may suit individuals who previously contracted COVID-19.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Primary Care and Community Health
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© The Author(s) 2023.


  • COVID-19
  • Daily Living Questionnaire
  • SF-12
  • functional cognition
  • gender

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Community and Home Care


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