Artificial Reefs in the Low Productive Marine Environments of the Southeastern Mediterranean

E. Spanier, M. Tom, S. Pisanty, G. Almog‐Shtayer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Abstract. Fishery yields in the oligotrophic waters of the Southeastern Mediterranean arc low due to habitat and food limitations. A four year study of a complex of artificial structures established in the coastal waters of Israel points to several possible solutions to these problems. One approach is the artificial enrichment of the man‐made reef with trash fish. This, together with the configuration of the reef, caused a significant increase in the abundance of fish predators such as groupers of the genus Epinephclus. Omnivores and herbivores were attracted only by the presence of artificial structures. Some species, such as the slipper lobster Scyllurides lulus, only use the man‐made reef for shelter during part of the day or season; they forage over a much larger area the rest of the time and are important “importers” of food to the artificial habitat. Artificial kelp were effective in recruiting juveniles and small fishes to the site.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)61-75
Number of pages15
JournalMarine Ecology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 1990


  • Artificial reef ecology
  • Eastern Mediterranean
  • bony fishes
  • lobsters
  • oligotrophic region

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Aquatic Science
  • Ecology


Dive into the research topics of 'Artificial Reefs in the Low Productive Marine Environments of the Southeastern Mediterranean'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this