The present investigation comparatively evaluated the latent class structure and parameters of anxiety sensitivity (AS) among female and male youth using the Childhood Anxiety Sensitivity Index [Silverman, W. K., Fleisig, W., Rabian, B., & Peterson, R. A. (1991). Child Anxiety Sensitivity Index. Journal of Clinical Child Psychology, 20, 162-168]. Participants were 4462 adolescents (2189 females) in grades 7-12 (Mage=15.6years). Consistent with prediction, taxometric analyses indicated the latent structure of AS was taxonic in both males and females, demonstrating the taxonic latent structure of AS is similarly observed across gender. Also consistent with prediction, the base rate of the AS taxon differed between genders - higher for females (12%) compared to males (7%). These findings are discussed in terms of their implications for the study of AS and panic vulnerability among youth.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
We would like to thank Ellen Rhyno, Heather Lee Loughlin, Jennifer Theakston, and Pamela Collins for their research assistance. We would also like to thank the Annapolis Valley School Board for their assistance. We would also like to acknowledge our funding sources. The data collection was supported in part from research grants fromthe Alcoholic Beverage Medical Research Foundation (ABMRF) and the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada (SSHRC). Dr. Stewart is currently supported through an Investigator Award from the Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR) and Dr. Comeau is supported through a post-doctoral fellowship from the CIHR.
This paper also was supported by National Institute on Drug Abuse research grants (R03 DA16307-01 and 1 R21 DA016227-01) awarded to Dr. Zvolensky. This project also was supported by a National Research Service Award predoctoral fellowship (F31 MH073205-01) awarded to Amit Bernstein.
- Anxiety psychopathology and emotion
- Anxiety sensitivity
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
- Clinical Psychology
- Psychiatry and Mental health