Anxiety and coping with community disasters: The Israeli experience

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    This study compared anxiety levels and coping strategies in Israeli adults during the Al-Aqsa Intifada (n = 707) and under ballistic missile attacks targeted at Israeli civilians during the Persian Gulf War (n = 328). In view of the differences among the two disaster situations in terms of severity of impact, scope, duration, predictability, and controllability, it was hypothesized that higher levels of state anxiety would be observed for the terror attack than for the missile attack crisis. Furthermore, problem-focused coping was predicted to be more salient than emotion-focused coping during the Gulf War-at a time where more protective action could be taken. Overall, the data supported the hypotheses. The data are discussed and explicated in the context of stress and coping theory and research.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)213-220
    Number of pages8
    JournalJournal of Research in Personality
    Issue number1
    StatePublished - Feb 2007


    • Al-Aqsa Intifada
    • Anxiety
    • Community disaster
    • Coping
    • SCUD attacks
    • Terror
    • Trauma
    • Traumatic stress

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Social Psychology
    • General Psychology


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