Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


This article examines anxiety theory, measurement, performance, and clinical parameters in educational settings. We begin by providing a historical backdrop for anxiety research and present a number of conceptualizations and distinctions, delineating key facets and components of anxiety. We move on to discuss measurement and assessment issues, focusing on self-report and alternative assessment procedures. We then discuss various forms of anxiety prevalent in educational settings and probe the anxiety–performance interface. We conclude by presenting a number of treatment and intervention programs and clinical considerations when treating test-anxious clients.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationInternational Encyclopedia of Education, Third Edition
Number of pages9
ISBN (Electronic)9780080448947
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2009

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


  • Behavioral therapy
  • Cognitive behavioral therapy
  • Cognitive interference
  • Computer anxiety
  • Emotionality
  • Evaluative anxiety
  • Math anxiety
  • Social anxiety
  • Test anxiety
  • Worry

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Social Sciences


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