Antioxidant effects of medicinal mushrooms agaricus brasiliensis and ganoderma lucidum (Higher basidiomycetes): Evidence from animal studies

Borys Yurkiv, Solomon P. Wasser, Eviatar Nevo, Natalia O. Sybirna

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

With diabetes mellitus and increased glucose concentrations, the mitochondria electron transport chain is disrupted, superoxide anions are overproduced, and oxidative stress develops in cells. Thus, preventing oxidative stress can produce a decrease in the antioxidant system activity and an increase in apoptosis in immune cells. The application of medicinal mushrooms is a new possible approach to diabetes mellitus treatment. Therefore, the aim of this work was to investigate the influence of administration of the medicinal mushrooms Agaricus brasiliensis and Ganoderma lucidum on antioxidant enzyme activity in rat leukocytes. Wistar outbred white rats were used in the study. Streptozotocin was intraperitoneally injected once at a dose of 50 mg/kg body weight. Mushroom preparations were orally administered at a dose of 1 g/kg/day for 2 weeks. This revealed that in diabetes mellitus, the level of antioxidant enzyme activity is significantly decreased compared with control values, whereas the levels of lipid peroxidation is increased; this manifested in an increase in the amount of thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS). The medicinal mushrooms’ administration is accompanied by an increase in antioxidant enzyme activity to control values and is even higher in the case of A. brasiliensis administration when compared with the diabetic group. As for the indicators of lipid peroxidation under mushroom administration of A. brasiliensis and G. lucidum, we observed a significant decrease of TBARS levels compared with the diabetic group. Increased activity of antioxidant enzymes and reduction of TBARS level indicate pronounced antioxidant properties of studied mushrooms.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)943-955
Number of pages13
JournalInternational Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
Volume17
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - 2015

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015 Begell House, Inc.

Keywords

  • Antioxidant enzymes
  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Leukocytes
  • Medicinal mushrooms
  • Oxidative stress

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
  • Drug Discovery
  • Pharmacology

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