An Assemblage of Metal Artifacts on the Hill of Šēh˘ Abrēk (Beth She arim), Its Landscape and Archaeological Context

Rafael Y. Lewis, Adi Erlich, Rona S. Evyasaf

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The site of Beth She arim, located in the Lower Galilee, Israel, is famous for its Late Roman – Early Byzantine Necropolis, with its lavish network of catacombs cut into the hillside. The urban settlement of Beth She arim was situated mainly on the hill of Abrēk. This hill dominates the Jezreel Valley from the west and the road system leading to it. An assemblage Šēh˘ of metal artifacts dating to the 12th to the 14th cent. C.E. was excavated during the 2014 excavation season. The finds and their location open a window into medieval Beth She arim, a rarely discussed historical period in the history of the site. The aim of this paper is to present the assemblage and identify its significance in its landscape context. Analysis of the finds and their location point to the strategic importance of the hill of Abrēk as a dominating observation point which controls the “gates“ to the Jezreel Valley. Šēh˘.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)108-121
Number of pages14
JournalZeitschrift des Deutschen Palastina-Vereins
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2022

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
6Israel Antiquities Authority license nos. G-42/2014, and Israel Nature and Parks Authority permit 4153/14. The excavation is funded by a grant from the Israel Science Foundation, no. 596/15, the Zinman Institute of Archaeology, and private donors. The 2014 season was conducted by ADI ERLICH with the aid of RONA EVYASAF and a professional team. The excavators were volunteers and students from the University of Haifa and the Technion. RONA S. EVYASAF was the area supervisor of Area A, which is discussed here. 7MAZAR 1957b, 154–159. 8MAZAR 1957b, 159.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022, Otto Harrassowitz GmbH. Co.KG. All rights reserved.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cultural Studies
  • Archaeology
  • History
  • Religious studies
  • Archaeology


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