An anatolian-style lead figurine from the Assyrian colony period found in the middle bronze age palace of Tel Kabri

Assaf Yasur-Landau, Eric H. Cline, Sturt W. Manning, Gilberto Artioli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Excavations during the summer of 2017 in the earlier phases of the courtyard of the palace at Tel Kabri turned up pieces of figurines as well as horn cores within a context of Phase 4 or 5 (late 19th to early 18th centuries B.C.E.). One figurine, portraying two deities, belongs to a type of Anatolian lead figurine known from the Assyrian Colony period. Initial results from Lead Isotope Analysis (LIA) suggest that an Anatolian provenance is indeed a plausible option. This is the first find of its type to be found in the southern Levant.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)87-97
Number of pages11
JournalBulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research
Issue number1
StatePublished - May 2021

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research was supported in part by ISF grant No. 910/15 (“Understanding Collapse: The Destruction of the Tel Kabri Palace;” co-PI’s Assaf Yasur-Landau and Ruth Shahack-Gross). Conservation of the figurine was performed by Ravit Linn, head of the Laboratory of the Conservation of Material Culture Heritage Program, Department of Archaeology, University of Haifa. The laser scan, image reconstruction, and printing were performed by Em-anuela Faresin and the chemical analyses by SEM-EDS were performed by Ivana Angelini, both of the Dipartimento di Beni Culturali at the Università di Padova. The sample preparations for LIA were performed by Caterina Canovaro, Dipartimento di Geoscienze, Università di Padova. The LI measurements were performed by Igor Maria Villa in Bern and Fabio Marzaioli in Ca-serta. We are grateful to all for their expert work.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 American Schools of Oriental Research.


  • Anatolia
  • Assyrian Colony Period
  • Canaan
  • Canaanite
  • International trade
  • Middle Bronze Age
  • Tel Kabri

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Archaeology
  • Cultural Studies
  • History
  • Archaeology


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