## Abstract

In the exact matching problem we are given a graph G, some of whose edges are colored red, and a positive integer k. The goal is to determine if G has a perfect matching, exactly k edges of which are red. More generally if the matching number of G is m = m(G), the goal is to find a matching with m edges, exactly k edges of which are red, or determine that no such matching exists. This problem is one of the few remaining problems that have efficient randomized algorithms (in fact, this problem is in RNC), but for which no polynomial time deterministic algorithm is known. Our first result shows that, in a sense, this problem is as close to being in P as one can get. We give a polynomial time deterministic algorithm that either correctly decides that no maximum matching has exactly k red edges, or exhibits a matching with m(G) - 1 edges having exactly k red edges. Hence, the additive error is one. We also present an efficient algorithm for the exact matching problem in families of graphs for which this problem is known to be tractable. We show how to count the number of exact perfect matchings in K_{3,3}-minor free graphs (these include all planar graphs as well as many others) in 0(n3,lg) worst case time. Our algorithm can also count the number of perfect matchings in K_{3,3}-minor free graphs in O(n^{2.19}) time.

Original language | English |
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Title of host publication | Approximation, Randomization, and Combinatorial Optimization |

Subtitle of host publication | Algorithms and Techniques - 10th International Workshop, APPROX 2007 and 11th International Workshop, RANDOM 2007, Proceedings |

Publisher | Springer Verlag |

Pages | 286-295 |

Number of pages | 10 |

ISBN (Print) | 9783540742074 |

DOIs | |

State | Published - 2007 |

Event | 10th International Workshop on Approximation Algorithms for Combinatorial Optimization Problems, APPROX 2007 and 11th International Workshop on Randomization and Computation, RANDOM 2007 - Princeton, NJ, United States Duration: 20 Aug 2007 → 22 Aug 2007 |

### Publication series

Name | Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics) |
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Volume | 4627 LNCS |

ISSN (Print) | 0302-9743 |

ISSN (Electronic) | 1611-3349 |

### Conference

Conference | 10th International Workshop on Approximation Algorithms for Combinatorial Optimization Problems, APPROX 2007 and 11th International Workshop on Randomization and Computation, RANDOM 2007 |
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Country/Territory | United States |

City | Princeton, NJ |

Period | 20/08/07 → 22/08/07 |

## ASJC Scopus subject areas

- Theoretical Computer Science
- Computer Science (all)