To shed a realist light on court administration and the regulation of judges in liberal-democratic countries, we conduct an empirical study of an organ that has attracted little attention: the Director of Courts in Israel – an administrative entity that “manages” the judiciary. In important respects, the Director may be regarded as a regulator of judges, thus assessment of judicial independence in Israel is incomplete without recognizing its presence. The institution of the Director has undergone agencification, which entailed augmentation of its capacities and an evolution in mindset regarding the implementation of these capacities. As a result, its powers, mode of operation, and organization have fundamentally transformed over time, as has the regulatory terrain within which judges conduct their business. By introducing novel indicators for assessment and applying them in an unfamiliar context, this paper offers important theoretical contributions to studies of the regulation and administration of courts and judges, and agencification.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The authors wish to thank the Israel Science Foundation for a generous grant (Grant no. 860/12). We also wish to thank the participants of the ICON-S conference in Berlin, The EGPA conference at Erasmus University Rotterdam, The Haifa Conference on the Regulation of Judges, and the Tel Aviv faculty seminar, for their useful comments.
© 2019 John Wiley & Sons Australia, Ltd
- administration of courts
- history of Israeli judiciary
- judicial independence
- regulation of judges
- regulatory capacities
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Sociology and Political Science
- Public Administration