Adult’s ‘Person Picking an Apple from a Tree’ Drawings: Coherency, Reciprocity, and Attachment Styles

Michal Bat Or, Rafi Ishai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This study inquired into quantitative narrative aspects of 215 Person Picking an Apple from a Tree (PPAT) drawings of normative young adults. Coherency of drawings was measured by analyzing associations between the drawings’ main factors; additionally, a reciprocity score reflecting reciprocity degrees between the drawn objects, i.e., person, tree, and apples, was calculated. These aspects were examined for their relation to the participant’s attachment styles, measured by the questionnaire Experiences in Close Relationships Scale. Results show that: (a) significant positive and strong associations were found between the three main factors, reflecting a coherent visual script only in the secure attachment group; and (b) a significant main effect for attachment on reciprocity scores was found. Results are discussed in terms of attachment and projected drawings.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)327-342
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Creativity in Mental Health
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2 Jul 2020

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.


  • Adult attachment
  • PPAT
  • coherency
  • creativity in counseling
  • narrative
  • reciprocity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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