Acoustic metrics of vowel articulation in Parkinson's disease: Vowel space area (VSA) vs. Vowel articulation index (VAI)

S. Sapir, L. Ramig, J. Spielman, C. Fox

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

Abstract

Acoustic analysis of speech is a powerful, noninvasive, and cost effective tool to study different aspects of motor speech disorders such as the dysarthria associated with PD. in this presentation we will discuss the rationale for using acoustic analysis, its advantages and disadvantages, and methods to overcome these disadvantages. as an example, we will address the use of vowel space area (VSA) in the study of dysarthric vowel articulation in PD. although the VSA is theoretically driven, it is highly sensitive to inter-speaker variability, which, statistically speaking, introduces noise. this noise can mask important differences that do exist between speakers with and without PD. some of this noise can be reduced by logarithmic transformation of the formant frequencies. however, even with this transformation, some statistical noise might be still present. recently sapir and colleagues introduced two acoustic metrics - The vowel articulation index (VAI) and its inverse, the formant centralization ratio (FCR) - That are theoretically driven and empirically tested. these metrics show promise as they effectively reduce inter-speaker variability noise while maintaining high sensitivity to vowel centralization (the latter reflecting abnormally reduced (hypokinetic) articulatory movements in PD). data will be presented of 38 individuals with parkinson's disease and 14 healthy controls whose speech was effectively differentiated by the VAI, but not the VSA, yet the logarithmically scaled VSA (LnVSA) did significantly differentiate between dysarthric and normal speech, although not as strongly as the VAI.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationModels and Analysis of Vocal Emissions for Biomedical Applications - 7th International Workshop, MAVEBA 2011
EditorsClaudia Manfredi
PublisherFirenze University Press
Pages173-175
Number of pages3
ISBN (Electronic)9788866550099
StatePublished - 2011
Externally publishedYes
Event7th International Workshop on Models and Analysis of Vocal Emissions for Biomedical Applications, MAVEBA 2011 - Firenze, Italy
Duration: 25 Aug 201127 Aug 2011

Publication series

NameModels and Analysis of Vocal Emissions for Biomedical Applications - 7th International Workshop, MAVEBA 2011

Conference

Conference7th International Workshop on Models and Analysis of Vocal Emissions for Biomedical Applications, MAVEBA 2011
Country/TerritoryItaly
CityFirenze
Period25/08/1127/08/11

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2011 Firenze University Press.

Keywords

  • Acoustic analysis
  • Parkinson disease
  • Speech

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Computer Science Applications

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