Achieving trust in health-behavior-change artificial intelligence apps (HBC-AIApp) development: A multi-perspective guide

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objective: Trust determines the success of Health-Behavior-Change Artificial Intelligence Apps (HBC-AIApp). Developers of such apps need theory-based practical methods that can guide them in achieving such trust. Our study aimed to develop a comprehensive conceptual model and development process that can guide developers how to build HBC-AIApp in order to support trust creation among the app's users. Methods: We apply a multi-disciplinary approach where medical informatics, human-centered design, and holistic health methods are integrated to address the trust challenge in HBC-AIApps. The integration extends a conceptual model of trust in AI developed by Jermutus et al., whose properties guide the extension of the IDEAS (integrate, design, assess, and share) HBC-App development process. Results: The HBC-AIApp framework consists of three main blocks: (1) system development methods that study the users' complex reality, hence, their perceptions, needs, goals and environment; (2) mediators and other stakeholders who are important for developing and operating the HBC-AIApp, boundary objects that examine users' activities via the HBC-AIApp; and (3) the HBC-AIApp's structural components, AI logic, and physical implementation. These blocks come together to provide the extended conceptual model of trust in HBC-AIApps and the extended IDEAS process. Discussion: The developed HBC-AIApp framework drew from our own experience in developing trust in HBC-AIApp. Further research will focus on studying the application of the proposed comprehensive HBC-AIApp development framework and whether applying it supports trust creation in such apps.

Original languageEnglish
Article number104414
JournalJournal of Biomedical Informatics
Early online date3 Jun 2023
StatePublished - Jul 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023


  • Artificial intelligence
  • Biopsychosocial model of health
  • Evidence-based medicine
  • Mobile health
  • System development methodologies
  • Trust

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Informatics
  • Computer Science Applications


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