A role for incidental auditory learning in auditory-visual word learning among kindergarten children

Karen Banai, Bracha Nir, Ronny Moav-Scheff, Noga Bar-Ziv

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This study focused on the potential role of incidental, auditory perceptual learning in among children learning new words. To this end, we examined how irrelevant auditory similarities across words, that provide no cues regarding their visual or conceptual attributes, influence pseudo-word learning in a name/picture matching paradigm. Two types of irrelevant auditory similarities were used: shared sequences of vowels or consonants. Learning word-to-picture associations in these two conditions was compared to a baseline condition in which items did not share either sequence. Kindergarten children readily learned items in all conditions, but auditory similarity interfered with learning (odds ratio, 1.12). Individual differences in reasoning and vocabulary did not account for the interference effect. These findings suggest that the sensory properties of words continue to influence language learning during the preschool years through rapid incidental learning, even if the effect is relatively small. Consistent with previous studies in the visual modality, we now suggest that incidental perceptual learning occurs in the auditory modality. Furthermore, the current findings suggest that this learning can interfere with word learning, highlighting the importance of the perceptual structure of words in real-world-like learning environments.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4
JournalJournal of Vision
Volume20
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2020

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Supported by the Israel Science Foundation (grant 112/13). Dorit Nesher helped with participant recruitment and data collection. Prof. Ayala Cohen and Dr. Etti Doveh from the Statistics Laboratory at the Technion helped with the statistical analysis. We thank Dr. Rama Novogrodsky for reading the manuscript. Commercial relationships: none. Corresponding author: Karen Banai. Email: kbanai@research.haifa.ac.il.Address: Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders, University of Haifa, Haifa, Israel.

Funding Information:
Supported by the Israel Science Foundation (grant 112/13). Dorit Nesher helped with participant recruitment and data collection. Prof. Ayala Cohen and Dr. Etti Doveh from the Statistics Laboratory at the Technion helped with the statistical analysis. We thank Dr. Rama Novogrodsky for reading the manuscript.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology Inc.

Keywords

  • Anchoring
  • Nonadjacent dependencies
  • incidental learning

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology
  • Sensory Systems

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