A novel reflective practice intervention improves quality of care in the emergency department

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Introduction: Most interventions to improve clinical outcomes in the emergency department (ED) are based on structural changes. This study embraced a different strategy and examined the impact of a reflective practice intervention (RPI) on ED quality of care. Methods: A pre-post-intervention quasi-experimental nested design was conducted between January 2017 and June 2018 in an Israeli public tertiary academic ED. Nighty-six ED teams (triage and staff nurses and a physician) were included pre and post RPI. Data were collected pre and post RPI at patient–triage nurse encounters using triage-accuracy questionnaires. Time to decision, length-of-stay, and hospitalization and mortality rates were retrieved from the medical charts of 1920 patients (20 per team). Results: Accurate triage was significantly higher post than pre intervention (4.84 ± 1.45 vs. 3.87 ± 1.48; range 1–7; p < .001), whereas time to decision (253.30 ± 246.75 vs. 304.64 ± 249.14 min), hospitalization rates (n = 291, 30.3% vs. n = 374, 39.0%; p < .001), and hospital length-of-stay (5.73 ± 6.72 vs. 6.69 ± 6.20; p = .04) significantly decreased. Conclusions: By adapting organizational reflective practice principles to the ED dynamic environment, the RPI was associated with a significant improvement in ED quality-of-care measures.

Original languageEnglish
Article number100977
JournalInternational Emergency Nursing
StatePublished - May 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 Elsevier Ltd


  • Emergency department
  • Nursing
  • Reflective practice
  • Time-out
  • Triage

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Emergency


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