A Newly Reconstructed Calendrical Scroll from Qumran in Cryptic Script

Eshbal Ratzon, Jonathan Ben-Dov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In this article we offer a reconstruction and edition of one of the last unpublished Dead Sea Scrolls. It is an extremely fragmentary calendrical scroll written in the Cryptic A code. While images of 4Q324d were included in the DJD series, no formal edition of it exists. The suggested jigsaw-puzzlelike reconstruction integrates forty-two extremely small fragments into a stretch of five consecutive columns of what we consider to be one continuous scroll (pace earlier preliminary editions). In terms of its content, the calendar contained in this scroll resembles the one found at the top of 4Q394 3-7 (a copy of 4QMMT) and in 4Q394 1-2. An intriguing interlinear gloss in both shape and content offers a ruling on the Festival of Wood Offering that follows the halakic rulings of the Temple Scroll.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)905-936
Number of pages32
JournalJournal of Biblical Literature
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2017

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This study was written with the support of the Israel Science Foundation, grant number 1330/14. We would like to express our gratitude to Asaf Gayer, who has been deeply involved in the material reconstruction of this scroll and offered invaluable help. Composite images in this article are based on the PAM images, supplied to us courtesy of the Leon Levy Dead Sea Scrolls Digital Library, Israel Antiquities Authority. In addition, we gained much benefit from the new multispectral images supplied to us by the same library (photographer: Shai Halevy).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017 Society of Biblical Literature. All rights reserved.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Religious studies
  • Literature and Literary Theory


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