## Abstract

The minimum-cost k-edge-connected spanning subgraph (k-ECSS) problem is a generalization and strengthening of the well-studied minimum-cost spanning tree (MST) problem. While the round complexity of distributedly computing the latter has been well-understood, the former remains mostly open, especially as soon as k ≥ 3. In this paper, we present the first distributed algorithm that computes an approximation of k-ECSS in sublinear time for general k. Concretely, we describe a randomized distributed algorithm that, in Õ(k(D+k√n)) rounds, computes a k-edge-connected spanning subgraph whose cost is within an O(log nlog k) factor of optimal. Here, n and D denote the number of vertices and diameter of the graph, respectively. This time complexity is nearly optimal for any k = poly(log n), almost matching an (Equation presented) lower bound. Our algorithm is the first to achieve a sublinear round complexity for k ≥ 3. We note that this case is considerably more challenging than the well-studied and well-understood k = 1 case-better known as MST-and the closely related k = 2 case. Our algorithm is based on reducing the k-ECSS problem to k set cover instances, in which we gradually augment the connectivity of the spanning subgraph. To solve each set cover instance, we combine new structural observations on minimum cuts with graph sketching ideas. One key ingredient in our algorithm is a novel structural lemma that allows us to compress the information about all minimum cuts in a graph into a succinct representation, which is computed in a decentralized fashion. We hope that this succinct representation may find applications in other computational settings or for other problems.

Original language | English |
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Title of host publication | 34th Annual ACM-SIAM Symposium on Discrete Algorithms, SODA 2023 |

Publisher | Association for Computing Machinery |

Pages | 4296-4334 |

Number of pages | 39 |

ISBN (Electronic) | 9781611977554 |

State | Published - 2023 |

Event | 34th Annual ACM-SIAM Symposium on Discrete Algorithms, SODA 2023 - Florence, Italy Duration: 22 Jan 2023 → 25 Jan 2023 |

### Publication series

Name | Proceedings of the Annual ACM-SIAM Symposium on Discrete Algorithms |
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Volume | 2023-January |

### Conference

Conference | 34th Annual ACM-SIAM Symposium on Discrete Algorithms, SODA 2023 |
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Country/Territory | Italy |

City | Florence |

Period | 22/01/23 → 25/01/23 |

### Bibliographical note

Funding Information:This work was supported in part by funding from the European Research Council (ERC) under the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme (grant agreement No. 853109), and the Swiss National Foundation (project grant 200021-184735).

Publisher Copyright:

Copyright © 2023 by SIAM.

## ASJC Scopus subject areas

- Software
- Mathematics (all)