This study focused on better understanding the association between anxiety sensitivity (AS), distress tolerance (DT), and psychopathology, including posttraumatic stress, depression, panic and suicidality, in the aftermath of a potentially traumatizing event. A community-based sample of 151 adults exposed to the Mount Carmel Forest Fire Disaster were assessed within 30-days of exposure (T1) and then at 3- (T2) and 6-month (T3) follow-up intervals. At T1, AS, DT, and psychopathology symptoms loaded on a single common latent factor reflecting Emotional Avoidance and Distress; whereas by T2 AS-DT and psychopathology symptoms diverged into distinct latent variables—Emotional Distress Intolerance and Distress Post-Trauma, respectively. Levels of Emotional Distress and Avoidance at T1 predicted levels of Emotional Distress Intolerance as well as Distress Post-Trauma at T2. Finally, levels of Emotional Intolerance at T2 predicted levels of Distress Post-Trauma at T3 above and beyond the strong stability effects of Distress Post-Trauma over time. Findings are discussed with respect to their theoretical and clinical implications for understanding and promoting resilience to, and recovery following, exposure to potentially traumatic events.
|Number of pages||13|
|Journal||Cognitive Therapy and Research|
|State||Published - 1 Feb 2016|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Dr. Bernstein recognizes the funding support from the Israeli Science Foundation (ISF), Israeli Council for Higher Education Yigal Alon Fellowship, the European Union FP-7 Marie Curie Fellowship International Reintegration Grant, Psychology Beyond Borders Mission Award, and the Rothschild-Caesarea Foundation. We thank Dr. Barbara M. Byrne for her kind assistance with the SEM analyses in AMOS.
© 2015, Springer Science+Business Media New York.
- Anxiety Sensitivity
- Distress Tolerance
- Structural Equation Modeling
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
- Clinical Psychology