The question of the nature and extent of population in Ottoman Palestine towards the end of the 19th century (∼1880) remains one of significant implications even today. Using the PEF (Palestine Exploration Fund) maps and employing GIScience (Geographic Information Science) approaches, the mapped settlements were extracted and inspected. Based on the population estimates of the PEF surveyors in the 1870s and on the 1922 census of Palestine carried out by the British Mandate authorities, it is possible to estimate the population size in the permanent settlements appearing on the maps. It was found that 864 settlements existed within the boundaries of the PEF map. Of these, 697 settlements were within the boundaries of Ottoman Palestine, with a population of ∼335,000. Most of the population was concentrated in the municipal towns while part of it inhabited rural regions in the Galilee, Samaria, and Judea. The coastal plain between Jaffa and Haifa, the Jordan Valley, and the northern Negev were considerably less populated.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The research was funded by the Israel Science Foundation (grant #1370/20 ).
© 2022 Elsevier Ltd
- 19th century
- Ottoman Palestine
- Palestine Exploration Fund maps
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Geography, Planning and Development
- Environmental Science (all)
- Tourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management