A heuristic superiorization-like approach to bioluminescence tomography

Wenma Jin, Yair Censor, Ming Jiang

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review


Bioluminescence tomography (BLT) is a powerful molecular imaging technology designed for the localization and quantification of bioluminescent sources in vivo. With the forward process modeled by the diffusion approximation equation, BLT is the inverse problem to reconstruct the distribution of internal bioluminescent sources subject to Cauchy data. Due to the non-uniqueness of BLT in general, adequate prior information such as nonnegativity and source support constraints must be utilized to obtain a physically favorable BLT solution. Iterative algorithms such as the well-known Expectation Maximization (EM) algorithm and the Landweber algorithm which are suitable for incorporating these knowledge-based constraints are widely used in practice. In the current work, we investigate the application of a superiorization-like approach to BLT. A superiorization-like version of prototypical iterative algorithms for BLT in a general framework, denoted by S-BLT, is presented. For the EM algorithm as the underlying iterative algorithms for BLT and S-BLT, superiorized by the total variation (TV) merit function, preliminary simulation results for a heterogeneous phantom are reported to demonstrate the viability of the approach and evaluate the performance of the proposed algorithm. It is found that total variation superiorization of BLT can significantly improve the visualization effect of the reconstruction with the sources set as a particular case of radial basis functions.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationWorld Congress on Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering
Number of pages4
StatePublished - 2013
EventWorld Congress on Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering - Beijing, China
Duration: 26 May 201231 May 2012

Publication series

NameIFMBE Proceedings
Volume39 IFMBE
ISSN (Print)1680-0737


ConferenceWorld Congress on Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering


  • Superiorization-like
  • bioluminescence tomography (BLT)
  • total variation (TV)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Biomedical Engineering


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