Cohen (1963) investigated free recall in two lists of words. The first contained unrelated words. The second comprised words drawn from several semantic categories, where the number of categories was equal to the number of words in the first list. He found that recall of unrelated words was equal to the recall of categories. The face recognition by similarity (FRBS) conjecture proposes that this relation cannot be applied to face recognition. Following Cohen's design, two different experimental situations for generating two target faces were constructed. The findings showed that the number of correct recognitions of specific facial features belonging to the first target face (e.g., nose, chin) was greater than or equal to the number of categories of visually similar facial features belonging to the second target face (e.g., different long noses, round chins). In addition, theoretical underpinnings for the FRBS conjecture were suggested.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
- Sensory Systems
- General Psychology