A correlation between earthquake occurrence, rainfall and water level in Lake Kinnereth, Israel

Uri Kafri, Avi Shapira

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


A good correlation is obtained between earthquake occurrence in the northern Jordan Rift Valley of Israel, the lowest seasonal Lake Kinnereth levels and the start of the rainy season. It is suggested that the start of the rainy season and the following recharge of aquifers increase the confined hydrodynamic pressures and flows along the boundary faults which also act as groundwater conduits. This in turn increases lubrication and decreases the friction along the faults; as a result, earthquakes which would have occurred at some later time, are triggered.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)277-283
Number of pages7
JournalPhysics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors
Issue number3-4
StatePublished - 1990
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Our sincere thanks to Prof. A. Nur of Stanford Umversity, California, Drs. T. van Eck (presently at IPRG, Israel), Y. Rotstein, A. Hofstetter, N. Rabinowitz and E. Arieh of the IPRG, as well as to an unknown reviewer, for critical readings of the manuscript and valuable suggestions. Special thanks are due to Dr. D. Steinberg of Tel-Aviv University for his important suggestions and criticism of the statistics. Water level data and rainfall information were kindly provided by the Israel Hydrological Service and the Israel Meteorological Service, respectively. This work was sponsored by the Earth Science Research Administration of the Israel Ministry of Energy and Infrastructure.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Geophysics
  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)
  • Space and Planetary Science


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