A conceptual model for achieving well-being in adults with mild cognitive impairment

Odelyah Saad, Leehu Zysberg, Jeremia Heinik, Ron Ben-Itzhak, Anna Zisberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: Low well-being is common among people with Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI). We propose a model to examine how different types of resources work together to maintain well-being in people with MCI. Methods: Participants included 121 community dwelling adults over the age of 60 who were diagnosed with MCI. Structural equation modeling assessed suggested relationships between resources and well-being. Results: Emotional intelligence, general mental ability, morbidity, economic status, basic activities of daily living, and age were correlated to well-being in a triple mediation process through cognitive function, instrumental activities of daily living, and social support. Model fit was excellent (RMSEA-0.04; IFI-.96; CFI-.96; CMIN/DF-1.23), Conclusion: Achieving well-being when coping with MCI requires a combination of objective resources and subjective evaluation of the situation. Ultimately, social support determines an individual's level of well-being. Findings suggest the need to understand what kind of social support is required by those coping with MCI.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1467-1473
Number of pages7
JournalGeriatric Nursing
Volume42
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Nov 2021

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the Cheryl Spencer Nursing Research Institute and the Center for Research and Study of Aging. The sponsors had no role in the design, methods, analysis, or preparation of this paper.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 Elsevier Inc.

Keywords

  • Cognitive function
  • Instrumental activities of daily living
  • Observational descriptive study
  • Resource theory
  • Subjective social support

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gerontology

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