A comparison of factors involved in the development of central nervous system and pulmonary oxygen toxicity in the rat

Mirit Eynan, Nitzan Krinsky, Adi Biram, Yehuda Arieli, Ran Arieli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Central nervous system oxygen toxicity (CNS-OT) can occur in humans at pressures above 2 atmospheres absolute (ATA), and above 4.5 ATA in the rat. Pulmonary oxygen toxicity appears at pressures above 0.5 ATA. We hypothesized that exposure to mild HBO following extreme exposure might provide protection against CNS, but not pulmonary oxygen toxicity. We measured the activity of superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT) and glutathione peroxidase (GPX), and nitrotyrosine and nNOS levels in the brain and lung in the following groups: (1) Sham rats, no pressure exposure (SHAM); (2) Exposure to 6 ATA oxygen for 60% of latency to CNS-OT (60%LT); (3) Exposure to 6 ATA for 60% of latency to CNS-OT, followed by 20 min at 2.5 ATA for recovery (REC); (4) Exposure to 6 ATA for 60% of latency to CNS-OT, followed by 20 min at 2.5 ATA oxygen and a subsequent increase in pressure to 6 ATA until the appearance of convulsions (CONV); (5) Control rats exposed to 6 ATA until the appearance of convulsions (C). SOD and CAT activity were reduced in both brain and lung in the REC group. GPX activity was reduced in the hippocampus in the REC group, but not in the cortex or the lung. nNOS levels were reduced in the hippocampus in the REC group. Contrary to our hypothesis, no difference was observed between the brain and the lung for the factors investigated. We suggest that at 2.5 ATA and above, CNS and pulmonary oxygen toxicity may share similar mechanisms.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)77-83
Number of pages7
JournalBrain Research
Volume1574
DOIs
StatePublished - 2014
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Keywords

  • Antioxidant enzymes
  • CNS-oxygen toxicity
  • Hyperbaric oxygen

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Molecular Biology
  • General Neuroscience
  • Developmental Biology

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