A Chalcolithic presence east of the Sea of Galilee: The earliest finds on Mt. Sussita

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Abstract

The characteristics and settlement patterns of the Early–Middle Chalcolithic period (ca. 5,800– 4,700 cal bc) around the Sea of Galilee have hardly been studied so far. The regional diversity of Chalcolithic material culture and the fragmentary nature of the archaeological record hinder a broader understanding of socio-cultural processes in this area. Chalcolithic architecture and finds, excavated for the last 23 years under the Graeco-Roman city of Hippos on Mt. Sussita, provide a rare opportunity to delve into the characteristics of the Chalcolithic period east of the Sea of Galilee. The current paper presents these remains and discusses their typological traits, spatial distribution, and possible cultural attribution. The site represents one of the few non-Golan Chalcolithic occurrences in the region, and its finds suggest an Early–Middle Chalcolithic period dating.

Original languageEnglish
JournalPalestine Exploration Quarterly
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2024

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© Palestine Exploration Fund 2024.

Keywords

  • Chalcolithic
  • figurines
  • Hippos
  • Jordan Valley
  • lithics
  • pottery
  • southern Levant
  • Sussita

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Archaeology
  • History
  • Visual Arts and Performing Arts
  • Religious studies
  • Archaeology

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