A sequence analysis-oriented binary search-like algorithm was transformed to a sensitive and accurate analysis tool for processing whole-genome data. The advantage of the algorithm over previous methods is its ability to detect the margins of both short and long genome fragments, enriched by up-regulated signals, at equal accuracy. The score of an enriched genome fragment reflects the difference between the actual concentration of up-regulated signals in the fragment and the chromosome signal baseline. The "divide-and-conquer"- type algorithm detects a series of noninter-secting fragments of various lengths with locally optimal scores. The procedure is applied to detected fragments in a nested manner by recalculating the lower-than-baseline signals in the chromosome. The algorithm was applied to simulated whole-genome data, and its sensitivity/specificity were compared with those of several alternative algorithms. The algorithm was also tested with four biological tiling array datasets comprising Arabidopsis (i) expression and (ii) histone 3 lysine 27 trimethylation CHIP-on-chip datasets; Saccharomyces cerevisiae (iii) spliced intron data and (iv) chromatin remodeling factor binding sites. The analyses' results demonstrate the power of the algorithm in identifying both the short up-regulated fragments (such as exons and transcription factor binding sites) and the long - even moderately up-regulated zones - at their precise genome margins. The algorithm generates an accurate whole-genome landscape that could be used for cross-comparison of signals across the same genome in evolutionary and general genomic studies.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America|
|State||Published - 28 Sep 2010|
- Genome segmentation
- Next-generation sequencing
- Tiling array
ASJC Scopus subject areas