Mortars, bowls, cupmarks, cupules, and similar features hewn into bedrock are hereby termed bedrock features (Nadel and Lengyel 2009). In the Near East they first appear in Natufian sites (ca. 15,500-11,500 cal b.p.). They are found on cave floors and in open-air sites, in all ecological and geological settings (Nadel et al. 2009; Nadel and Rosenberg 2010; Rosenberg and Nadel 2011a; Rosenberg et al. 2010; Terradas et al. 2013).
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